Kauikeaouli and Nāhi'ena'ena
An inscribed stone tablet commemorates the nearby birth site of Kauikeaouli who went on to rule Hawai'i as King Kamehameha III. His sister, Princess Nāhi'ena'ena, was also born in Keauhou about 1815,
From childhood, Nāhi'ena'ena was expected to marry her brother in accordance with ancient Hawaiian cultural traditions of sacred marriage and bloodlines. Their mother, Keōpūolani, baptized on her deathbed, put forth her last wish for her children to be raised in the Christian faith. Nāhi'ena'ena was tormented by the clash of the two cultures. She died very shortly after the death of her infant in 1936.
Mo'ikeha Cave was located to the left. Legend has it that a king once hid from his pursuing enemies by standing erect and hiding his legs in a high pocket of the cave, making him invisible to his pursuers.
Ahupua'a, Hawaiian Land Management
Moku (island districts) were partitioned into smaller, generally wedge-shaped land divisions called ahupua'a. Most ahupua'a extended from the mountain into the sea and contained all the resources needed for sustainable living. Natural resources were essential and everyone shared resources and cared for the land. Upland field systems, where water
was more accessible, were cultivated for crops, Coastal and activities focused on ocean resources. Villages were often located near sheltered beaches where access to good fishing grounds provided abundant food.
The boundary between the ahupua'a of Keauhou I and II lies about the middle of Keauhou, Bay. Keauhou I includes the lands on the northern shore and continues along the coast to Paniau Point. Keauhou II comprises the southern shore and continues toward Lekeleke Burial Grounds and Kuamo'o Bay.
To the north, around Ha'ikaua Point is He'eia Bay noted for surfing and formerly the end of the monumental Kāneaha hōlua slide.
Ancient fishing legends have been passed down in seafaring cultures over the generations. In Hawai'i the chief god of fishermen was Kūula. This term applies to any stone god or shrine used to attract fish. In 1953, cultural historian and mapmaker Henry Kekahuna documented several kūula along this coastline, including Kumaha'ula Kūula, Kapehe Kūula (dedicated to the propagation of red fish), Kōele Kūula (dedicated to the propagation of shellfish/opihi) and Pāhe'ehe'e Kūula (shrine for general fishing).