The Apple Gate Trail

The Apple Gate Trail (HM25PX)

Location: Wolf Creek, OR 97497 Josephine County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 41.718', W 123° 23.733'

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Southern Route to Oregon

In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous "last leg" of the Oregon Trail down the treacherous Columbia River.
The first emigrants to trek the new "Southern Road" left with the trailblazers from Fort Hall in early August 1846. With Levi Scott acting as guide, while Jesse Applegate traveled ahead to mark the route, the hardy emigrants blazed a wagon trail through nearly 500 miles of wilderness arriving in the upper Willamette Valley in November. Emigrant travel continued along the Applegate Trail in later years and contributed greatly to the settlement of southern Oregon and the Willamette Valley.

Travelers through Time

Native Americans and fur trappers trekked through this region long before emigrants settlers. Between 1846 and 1853 Applegate Trail emigrants passed nearby on a route that followed Coyote Creek for a mile then crossed a divide to upper Wolf Creek. In 1853 Major Benjamin Alvord and Jesse Applegate surveyed a military road from Myrtle Creek in Douglas County through the site of present-day Wolf Creek and on to Camp Stuart in Jackson County. Road construction began immediately and a wagon road soon replaced the

Applegate Trail through this area.

...passed down a hansom Brook (Wolf Creek)...crossed the Brook and immediately took (up) the mountain steep ruged and Brushy this ridge has several snow drifts yit visible on its summit a short distance South of the trail. The desent was not Quite so steep crossed a small Brook (Coyote Creek) and assended another mountain not Quite so high as the first but verry difficult on account of the logs and undergrothe...Partially desended the second a small cove and then mounted a third high ridge at the bottom of which opens a small vally of handsome Prairie (on Grave Creek) whare we encamped... — James Cayman, Fur Trapper June 19 1844
HM NumberHM25PX
Placed ByApplegate Trail Coalition
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, February 28th, 2018 at 10:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 467600 N 4727055
Decimal Degrees42.69530000, -123.39555000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 41.718', W 123° 23.733'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 41' 43.08" N, 123° 23' 43.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)541
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 104-304 Front St, Wolf Creek OR 97497, US
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