Port Hudson, Louisiana/Fausse River Cutoff

Port Hudson, Louisiana/Fausse River Cutoff (HM261H)

Location: Memphis, TN 38103 Shelby County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 8.968', W 90° 3.507'

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Panel #19 Mississippi Riverwalk

A) Port Hudson, Louisiana
Mile 256.0 AHP

This settlement began as a trading post and by the time of the U.S. Civil War, it was an important shipping center with both a steamboat landing and a rail line to the east. The Confederates heavily fortified it early in the war and it became one of their mightiest river strongholds. In March 1863, U. S. Admiral Farragut tried to run his fleet past the gun batteries at Port Hudson, while a large Union Infantry Force attacked it on the land side. All but two of the Union boats were disabled and the land attack was repelled. Two months later, Federal Forces cut Port Hudson's supply lines and held the town under siege for 43 days. After the fall of Vicksburg in July 1863, Port Hudson became the last Confederate city on the Mississippi River to surrender. After the war, the town was forced to move east to escape the river's encroachments. Floods, a sagging cotton industry, and the decline of river traffic, eventually put an end to the once thriving town.

B) Fausse River Cutoff
Mile 258.5 AHP

The river was the process of making this cutoff when the first Frenchmen canoed the Lower Mississippi River. In 1699, local Native Americans advised the explorers, Iberville and Bienville, that they could avoid the long river bend to the west by carrying their canoes across the narrow neck of land along the cutoff route. By 1721, an observer noted that the old bed was dry and the cutoff channel was very deep. The French named the abandoned bend "Fausse River" or False River, and its banks became lined with the homes of wealthy sugar planters. False River is now an enclosed crescent-shaped lake of 4,000 acres.
HM NumberHM261H
Placed ByMississippi Riverwalk
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, March 15th, 2018 at 10:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 767972 N 3893580
Decimal Degrees35.14946667, -90.05845000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 8.968', W 90° 3.507'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 8' 58.08" N, 90° 3' 30.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)901
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 25 Riverside Dr, Memphis TN 38103, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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