Surratt Tavern

Surratt Tavern (HM27L)

Location: Clinton, MD 20735 Prince George's County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 45.861', W 76° 53.855'

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Confederate Safe House

— John Wilkes Booth - Escape of an Assassin —

Owned and operated by the ardently pro-Southern Surratt family, this building was used by Confederate agents as a safe house during the Civil War. Built in 1852, the structure was a tavern, hostelry and post office.

Surratt's son, John, Jr., a Confederate courier, came into contact with actor John Wilkes Booth in 1864. Booth planned to kidnap President Abraham Lincoln, and Surratt was to help convey Lincoln to Richmond. The tavern was to serve as a way-station during the kidnapping. Weapons and supplies were secreted here.

In December, 1864, Surratt's mother, Mary E. Surratt, rented out the tavern and moved to her other home on H Street in Washington. Booth visited there often, and two of his conspirators boarded with her briefly. Eventually, the kidnapping plan turned to assassination, and after Booth shot the president on April 14, 1865, he and accomplice David E. Herold came directly here to retrieve the weapons the conspirators had stashed earlier. They arrived at midnight, then headed south toward the hamlet of T.B.

Mrs. Surratt's tenant here later gave damaging testimony that sent her to the gallows on July 7, 1865 - the first woman executed by the federal government. Her son fled the country but was later returned for trial. The trial resulted in a hung jury.
HM NumberHM27L
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 13th, 2014 at 6:25pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 335134 N 4292336
Decimal Degrees38.76435000, -76.89758333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 45.861', W 76° 53.855'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 45' 51.66" N, 76° 53' 51.30" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)240, 301, 410
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 9142-9164 Brandywine Rd, Clinton MD 20735, US
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