Changing Landscapes

Changing Landscapes (HM27O9)

Location: Minneapolis, MN 55420 Hennepin County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 48.804', W 93° 16.301'

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You are entering a river bluff environment that has been greatly altered over the last two centuries. The bluff top area was formerly oak savannah with prairie and woodland elements. Natural springs and shallow flood plain lakes in the river bottoms supported wildlife and vegetation that were important to the survival of the native people.

How It Happened
Prior to the arrival of Gideon and Samuel Pond in 1843, Native Americans subsisted off the land by hunting, gathering, and also farming on a limited scale. The area was more extensively modified by the four generations of the Pond and St. Martin families who farmed, planted orchards and raised livestock on several hundred acres between modern-day Lyndale and Cedar Avenues.

When the Ponds first came here, they saw open vistas of the river valley surrounded by prairie and dotted by stands of burr oak and cottonwood. Deep furrow plowing and grazing quickly changed the face of the land. The wooded areas found on the site today are a result of a halt in agricultural production in the 1960s and the continuing stewardship of the valley by the Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge and the City of Bloomington.
HM NumberHM27O9
Placed ByCity of Bloomington Parks and Recreation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, May 22nd, 2018 at 1:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15T E 478517 N 4962257
Decimal Degrees44.81340000, -93.27168333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 48.804', W 93° 16.301'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 48' 48.24" N, 93° 16' 18.06" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)952, 612
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 401 E 104th St, Minneapolis MN 55420, US
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