Cotton Gin

Cotton Gin (HM29K1)

Location: Dalton, GA 30721 Whitfield County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 53.713', W 84° 55.146'

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The cotton "gin" (short for engine) was first patented by Eli Whitney of Massachusetts in 1793. The purpose of a cotton gin is to remove the cotton seeds from cotton fibers.

Simple ginning machines were being used prior to 1793 to clean the long-fiber Sea Island cotton grown on the Georgia coast. However, these early gins were not able to clean the seed from the short-fiber variety of cotton grown across the rest of Georgia. Whitney's gin was able to remove the seeds from this short-staple, upland cotton, allowing "King Cotton" to become a major cash crop in the South.

Cotton planting and harvesting with slave labor became extremely profitable for plantation owners. The abundant supply of southern cotton made northern factory owners and merchants wealthy. Ironically, it was the North's massive industrial capital, generated by the South's agricultural, slave-based cotton economy that aided the Union is defeating the Confederacy and abolishing slavery.

The original Prater's gin stood just north of the mill. This gin was moved from the Earl Shugart farm in Cohutta in the 1980s.
HM NumberHM29K1
Placed ByPrater’s Mill Foundation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, July 20th, 2018 at 1:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 690141 N 3863398
Decimal Degrees34.89521667, -84.91910000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 53.713', W 84° 55.146'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 53' 42.78" N, 84° 55' 8.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5845 GA-2, Dalton GA 30721, US
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