Charlotte Marie Baldwin Allen

Charlotte Marie Baldwin Allen (HM2B6A)

Location: Houston, TX 77007 Harris County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 45.887', W 95° 23.228'

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(July 14, 1805 - August 3, 1895)

Considered by many as the "Mother of Houston," Charlotte Marie Baldwin Allen was a leader in Houston during a time when women had few rights and fewer opportunities. She was born in Onondaga County, New York, and was the daughter of Elizabeth (Warner) and Dr. Jonas Cutler Baldwin. She married Augustus Chapman Allen in 1831. Charlotte arrived in Texas in 1834 when she joined her husband and his brother and business partner, John Kirby Allen, both of whom were already actively engaged in Texas land speculation. In August 1836, the Allen brothers purchased land on Buffalo Bayou and were soon advertising the establishment of a city called Houston. Although she left Texas in 1835 for health reasons, Charlotte returned in 1837 and assumed a prominent role in the development of Houston.

After the death of her brother-in-law, John Kirby Allen, in 1838, Charlotte became a participating member in the extensive business dealings of the Allen and Baldwin families. She became involved in all aspects of business, from registering her own cattle brand in 1838 and directing the construction of a slaughterhouse to process the beef, to negotiating numerous real estate and development projects. After the Civil War, Allen continued as an accomplished businesswomen, overseeing the sale of numerous properties. She donated various plots, including

Old Market Square, to the city of Houston and to churches and civic organizations. When Charlotte Allen died, flags in Houston flew at half-staff in her honor. In 1907, Charlotte Baldwin Allen Elementary School became the first public school in Houston named for a woman.
HM NumberHM2B6A
Year Placed2009
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 5th, 2018 at 8:04pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 269191 N 3295109
Decimal Degrees29.76478333, -95.38713333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 45.887', W 95° 23.228'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 45' 53.22" N, 95° 23' 13.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)281, 713
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2911 Washington Ave, Houston TX 77007, US
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