Great Falls of the Columbia

Great Falls of the Columbia (HM2DTS)

Location: Lyle, WA 98635 Klickitat County
Buy Washington State flags at Flagstore.com!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at Flagstore.com!

N 45° 39.769', W 120° 57.394'

  • 0 likes
  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
  • 90 views
Inscription

“Indians assisted us over the portage”

The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached Celilo Falls, its first major obstacle on the Columbia River, on October 22,1805. William Clark named this imposing stretch of the river "Great Falls of the Columbia." For millenia, tribes gathered here to fish for salmon, trade, and socialize. With the help of local tribes, Lewis and Clark scouted a suitable route to portage around the falls.
The portage required two days of hard work. The first day, the explorers ferried their baggage two-thirds of a mile over rocky ground on this side of the river. The second day, they dragged their canoes for about 450 yards on the opposite side before lowering them on strong elkskin ropes made for this purpose.
Fishing at Celilo Falls
Celilo Falls was the heart of the traditional fishing grounds — an ancient and historic fishing place for the Yakamas, Umatillas, Nez Perce, Warm Springs, and others — represented by scores of dipnetters, especially during the fall Chinook runs.Adapted from: Celilo Falls: Remembering Thunder by Frederick K. Cramer
October 22, 1805
"we landed and walked down accompanied by an old man to view the falls, and the best rout for to make a portage... the waters is divided into Several narrow chanels which pass through a hard black rock



forming Islands of rocks...
"~William Clark~
October 23, 1805
"we were obliged to let the Canoes down by Strong ropes of Elk Skin which we had for the purpose, one Canoe in passing this place got loose by the Cords breaking, and was cought by the Indians below."~William Clark~
Strong Ropes
The craft of rope making dates back to ancient time. Local tribes made ropes from plants such as dogbane. Expedition members made ropes from braided strips of elk skin. Today, ropes are often made of synthetic materials such as nylon.
Details
HM NumberHM2DTS
Series This marker is part of the Lewis & Clark Expedition series
Tags
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, January 24th, 2019 at 7:02pm PST -08:00
Pictures
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)10T E 659185 N 5058615
Decimal Degrees45.66281667, -120.95656667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 39.769', W 120° 57.394'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 39' 46.14" N, 120° 57' 23.64" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)509
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near WA-14, Lyle WA 98635, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. What year was the marker erected?
  8. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?