Cumberland (HM2KH2)

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N 39° 39.1', W 78° 45.871'

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In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 upon the west bank of the Wills Creek and named "Fort Mount Pleasant". It was enlarged upon in 1755 and renamed Fort Cumberland by British General Edward Braddock after the Duke of Cumberland, commander-in-chief of the British Army. It is from this fort the city takes its name.

Cumberland was established by the State Legislature in 1787, and designated the county seat upon Allegany County's creation in 1789. Cumberland's early development was closely linked to the National Road, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.
HM NumberHM2KH2
Series This marker is part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series, and the Braddock's Road and Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock series, and the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal series, and the The Historic National Road series.
Placed ByMountain Maryland Trails; Maryland State Highway Administration's National Recreational Trails Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 7th, 2019 at 8:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 691795 N 4391485
Decimal Degrees39.65166667, -78.76451667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 39.1', W 78° 45.871'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 39' 6.0000000000001" N, 78° 45' 52.26" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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