Seneca Indian Country

Seneca Indian Country (HM2L4O)

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N 43° 1.843', W 77° 54.381'

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Historic New York

          The Seneca Indians, "Keepers of the Western Door" occupied this area since the formation of the Iroquois confederacy about 1550. Most numerous and most warlike of the Six Nations, they for a time dominated the tribes northward into Canada and southward into Pennsylvania. Although the Confederacy was allied with the English, the Senecas turned against them in Pontiac's uprising in 1763. During the Revolution they sided with the British and joined in Tory raids on the New York frontier. For this they were punished and driven back by the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition of 1779. Many settled in Canada after the Revolution, but Chief Cornplanter (1732 - 1836), born near here, signed the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1784, making peace with the United States and accepting a reservation of land. The half-brother of Cornplanter, Handsome Lake (1735 - 1815), became the "prophet" of a regenerated Indian "religion" which still has many followers.           The Holland Land Company in 1793 purchased all of western New York from a line eight miles west of here. The region was often stirred by religious and social ferments, like the Anti-Masonic furor following the disappearance of William Morgan in 1826. Small industries and diversified agriculture are basic to the economy of the area.
HM NumberHM2L4O
Series This marker is part of the New York: Historic New York series
Year Placed1983
Placed ByState of New York
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 23rd, 2019 at 8:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 263219 N 4768325
Decimal Degrees43.03071667, -77.90635000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 43° 1.843', W 77° 54.381'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds43° 1' 50.58" N, 77° 54' 22.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near , ,
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