Fort Alice

Fort Alice (HM2N5)

Location: Oakland, MD 21550 Garrett County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 25.375', W 79° 25.185'

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Railroad Bridge Destroyed

On April 26, 1863, during the Confederate occupation of Oakland, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridge here over the Youghiogheny River. They were part of a larger group that entered Oakland that Sunday as Confederate Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones led an incursion into West Virginia and Maryland to hamper rail movements of Federal troops and supplies. The Confederates disarmed the small garrison at Fort Alice, destroyed the fort, and burned the bridge.

Fort Alice was one of many fortifications that the U.S. Army erected in Maryland and present-day West Virginia to guard the strategically vital railroad from Baltimore to the Ohio River. In 1861, the Federals constructed an earth and stone fortification fifteen feet high near the tracks to protect the railroad bridge here. Local troops garrisoned the fort periodically. Discipline was somewhat lax, however, and on the morning of the raid, most of the soldiers were away hunting.

Visitors may follow the path parallel to the river for about 500 feet to see the mounds in the woods that are the remains of Fort Alice.
HM NumberHM2N5
Series This marker is part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 10th, 2014 at 8:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 636021 N 4364901
Decimal Degrees39.42291667, -79.41975000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 25.375', W 79° 25.185'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 25' 22.50" N, 79° 25' 11.10" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 570 W Liberty St, Oakland MD 21550, US
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