Martinsburg Roundhouse

Martinsburg Roundhouse (HM4F)

Location: Martinsburg, WV 25401 Berkeley County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 27.588', W 77° 57.678'

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Jackson and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad

— Antietam Campaign —

In April 1861, as the Civil War erupted, Confederate forces seized the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Harpers Ferry west. On May 24, Gen. JosephE. Johnston ordered Col. Thomas J. (later "Stonewall") Jackson to destroythe rolling stock here at Martinsburg, a Unionist stronghold. Jackson beganhis task on June 13, soon burning 300 cars and destroying 42 locomotives."It was sad work," Jackson wrote his wife Anna, "but I had my orders andmy duty was to obey." He dismantled a few of the locomotives, and 40-horseteams dragged them up the Martinsburg and Winchester Turnpike and thenalong the Valley Turnpike to Strasbourg, where the first engine was reassembled. Ironically, the track there was of a different width, so the locomotivescould not be used in the Shenandoah Valley. Several were transportedin pieces to Richmond, reassembled, and put to use. In Martinsburg,by the end of June, the roundhouse complex had been strippedof all the stationary equipment, tools, and a 40-foot turntable.The roundhouse and shops suffered only minor damage.

Jackson returned to Martinsburg in October 1862, following the Battle of Antietam, Maryland. He was in the midst ofdestroying Baltimore and Ohio Railroad property including twentymiles of track between Harpers Ferry and North Mountain. Thistime, not wanting to leave anything of use to the Federals, he orderedthe roundhouse and all the shops burned. The roundhouse complex you seehere now was constructed beginning late in 1865.
HM NumberHM4F
Series This marker is part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) series, and the West Virginia Civil War Trails series.
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 23rd, 2014 at 6:39pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 245221 N 4371989
Decimal Degrees39.45980000, -77.96130000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 27.588', W 77° 57.678'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 27' 35.28" N, 77° 57' 40.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304, 540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 131-199 E Race St, Martinsburg WV 25401, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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