Rude's Hill

Rude's Hill (HM59C)

Location: New Market, VA 22844 Shenandoah County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 42.157', W 78° 38.922'

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Jackson at Rude's Hill

— 1962 Valley Campaign —

This old house photographed during the early 20th century and still standing about 600 yards north on the west side of the Valley Pike, was occupiedat the beginning of the Civil War by a Lutheran minister, Rev. Anders R. Rude. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's small Confederate force wentinto a defensive position here after retiring from the battle at Kernstown,March 23, 1862. Confederate cavalry, commanded by Col. Turner Ashby,kept the slowly advancing Federals at bay beyond Stony Creek, near Edinburg, about nine miles north of this position. By April 2, 1862, Jackson andhis staff occupied the Rude home where they were quartered until April 17.All dispatches from this headquarters bore the dateline, "Rude's Hill"—a name that has lasted until this day, even though Rev. Rude left the Valley during the fall of 1862.

On April 6, 1862, the Union army, commanded by Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks pierced Ashby's Stony Creek line, and Jackson gave orders for Ashby to burn the railroad property in Mt. Jackson and the bridge crossing the Shenandoah River if pressed by the enemy. The following morning, the Federal army boldly advanced, forcing the retreat of Ashby's rearguard.During the withdrawal, Ashby, in person, attempted to aid the burning ofthe Shenandoah River bridge and was nearly killed. As four Union troopers charged him, his beautiful white horse, Tom Telegraph, received a mortal wound in the lungs. At least three of Ashby's assailants were wounded by Confederates that had turned back to help extract their commander.As Ashby reached the safety of the Confederate batteries atop Rude's Hill,his faithful charger was unsaddled and led away to die.

Late in the afternoon of April 17, Jackson sent word for Gen. RichardEwell to reinforce him at Swift Run Gap in the Blue Ridge Mountains east of Harrisonburg. There, Jackson would prepare the Valley army for the next phase of his famous "Valley Campaign of 1862."
HM NumberHM59C
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 16th, 2014 at 7:56pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 704465 N 4286400
Decimal Degrees38.70261667, -78.64870000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 42.157', W 78° 38.922'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 42' 9.42" N, 78° 38' 55.32" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 5332 Old Valley Pike, New Market VA 22844, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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