Cherokee Nation

Cherokee Nation (HM7GB)

Location: Adairsville, GA 30103 Gordon County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 24.55', W 84° 55.058'

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During the early 1800's, northern Georgia was heart of the sovereign, independent Cherokee Indian Nation. By this time Cherokee were the most progressive Indian tribe in North America. In 1821, they became the first American Indians with a written form of their native language, invented by Sequoyah, an uneducated Cherokee.

New Echota, the Cherokee national capital, was located 10 miles north. There a constitutional government of executive, legislative, and judicial branches ruled the Nation. Once the largest town in the area, New Echota consisted of houses, stores, taverns, a Council house, Supreme Court house, and a printing office which published a national bilingual newspaper, the CHEROKEE PHOENIX.

Most of the 17,000 Cherokee were farmers and lived in small log cabins but some grew very wealthy and owned great plantations such as the Vann House, located 27 miles north.

In 1838, at gunpoint, the Cherokee were rounded up and imprisoned by state and federal armies. Later that year they were forced to what is now Oklahoma. Four thousand Cherokees died on the terrible march west known as the "Trail of Tears"
HM NumberHM7GB
Series This marker is part of the Georgia: Georgia Historical Society/Commission series, and the Trail of Tears series.
Marker Number064-32
Year Placed1983
Placed ByGeorgia Department of Natural Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 4:41pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 691390 N 3809490
Decimal Degrees34.40916667, -84.91763333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 24.55', W 84° 55.058'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 24' 33.00" N, 84° 55' 3.48" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)770, 706, 678
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 148-170 I-75, Adairsville GA 30103, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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