The Port Arthur Refinery

The Port Arthur Refinery (HM8CX)

Location: Leland, TX 77640 Jefferson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 51.55', W 93° 58.198'

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The eruption of the Lucas Gusher at the Spindletop oil field in January 1901 established Texas as a major oil source and signaled the beginning of a significant economic boom to the state. The new town of Port Arthur benefited tremendously from its proximity to the oil field.

In early 1901, a consortium of men from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, formed the J.M. Guffey Petroleum Company to finance and develop an industry for the oil from its Spindletop leases. In need of refining facilities and a sales organization, the consortium chartered the Gulf Refining Company on November 10, 1901, and built a refinery at Port Arthur for the purposes of making the crude oil into a usable commodity.

Early products of the refining company included gasoline, kerosene and engine oil. In 1907, assets of the J.M. Guffey Petroleum and Gulf Refining Companies were merged into the Gulf Oil Corporation. At the end of 1910, Port Arthur was the company's lone refinery until a second was built in Fort Worth the following year.

Innovative production, refining and retailing techniques after World War I kept the company on solid economic footing. Expansion continued after World War II, and by 1955, Gulf Oil was the nation's largest producer of ethylene. By 1960, the Port Arthur facility was refining 270,000 barrels of crude oil per day into 600 different products.

Gulf Oil became part of Chevron in 1984. In 1995, Clark Refining took ownership of the Port Arthur plant, and in 2000, Clark's name was changed to Premcor. Upholding an excellent safety record, the Port Arthur refinery has been a significant factor in the city's development as a major petrochemical center.
HM NumberHM8CX
Year Placed2001
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 22nd, 2014 at 1:35pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 406314 N 3303574
Decimal Degrees29.85916667, -93.96996667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 51.55', W 93° 58.198'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 51' 33.00" N, 93° 58' 11.88" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1792 S 8th St, Leland TX 77640, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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