Addison White

Addison White (HM8XA)

Location: Mechanicsburg, OH 43044 Champaign County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 4.324', W 83° 33.34'

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Side A:
Congress passed Fugitive Slave Laws in 1793 and 1850, allowing federal marshals to arrest slaves that had escaped to the North and take them back to their southern owners. They could also arrest northerners suspected of aiding runaway slaves. These laws were contested throughout the North, including Ohio where one case received national press. It involved escaped slave Addison White who arrived in Mechanicsburg in August 1856. There he met abolitionist Udney Hyde and stayed at his farm while Hyde recovered from a leg injury. White's master Daniel White learned of his location and went to Mechanicsburg in April 1857 with federal marshals. When attempting to take Addison and arrest Hyde on grounds of violating the Fugitive Slave Law, Hyde's daughter ran to town and brought back residents with pitchforks and shovels to fight the marshals. Fearing for their lives, the marshals left, but came back to arrest the men who protected White.
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Side B:
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Arresting Charles Taylor, Edward Taylor, Russell Hyde, and Hiram Gutridge, the marshals, saying they were taking the men into Urbana for a preliminary trial on charges of harboring and protecting a fugitive slave, instead headed south to Kentucky. Learning of the arrests, a large number of Champaign County citizens set off on horseback to free their neighbors. The Clark County sheriff joined in the pursuit, but was shot near South Charleston when trying to stop the marshals. The running battle ended in Lumberton near Xenia when the Greene County sheriff arrested the marshals. The case was finally settled when the people of Mechanicsburg paid $900 for Addison White's freedom. During the Civil War White joined the 54th Massachusetts Infantry and returned to Mechanicsburg after the war to work for the city's Street Department. He and his second wife Amanda are buried in the nearby Maple Grove Cemetery.
HM NumberHM8XA
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number16-11
Year Placed2005
Placed ByMain Street Mechanicsburg, Champaign County Bicentennial Historical Marker Committee, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 12:59pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 282066 N 4438886
Decimal Degrees40.07206667, -83.55566667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 4.324', W 83° 33.34'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 4' 19.44" N, 83° 33' 20.40" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)937, 740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2 S Main St, Mechanicsburg OH 43044, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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