Camp Sherman

Camp Sherman (HM9I8)

Location: Chillicothe, OH 45601 Ross County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 21.304', W 83° 0.018'

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Side A:
The United States declared war on Germany in April 1917. Largely through the efforts of Chillicothe attorney John Poland, the War Department selected Chillicothe as the site of an army training camp for inductees from Ohio, West Virginia, and western Pennsylvania. Construction began at Camp Sherman, named for Civil War general William Tecumseh Sherman, in June 1917. When the first recruits arrived in September, more than fourteen thousand workers had erected two thousand buildings on the 1,700-acre site. The rapid influx of soldiers increased Chillicothe's population from 16,000 to 60,000.

Side B:
The worldwide Spanish influenza epidemic arrived at Camp Sherman in September 1918. Of the 8.000 people infected, 1,100 died within two months. Two hundred German prisoners were interned here from July 1918 to September 1919. Four divisions — 123,581 men — trained at Camp Sherman. The 83rd and 84th divisions went overseas, but the 95th and 96th did not complete training before the November 1918 armistice. Discharges began within days and were completed by July 1920. The government sold the buildings but retained the land, now the site of two correctional facilities and the Veterans Administration hospital.
HM NumberHM9I8
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number7-71
Year Placed2001
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Chillicothe and Ross County 2003 Commission, The Ross County Historical Society, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 20th, 2014 at 8:30pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 327652 N 4358088
Decimal Degrees39.35506667, -83.00030000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 21.304', W 83° 0.018'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 21' 18.24" N, 83° 0' 1.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 15201-15355 Co Hwy 127, Chillicothe OH 45601, US
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