The Battle of Hanover

The Battle of Hanover (HMF03)

Location: Hanover, PA 17331 York County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 48', W 76° 59'

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The engagement fought in Hanover may have had an effect on the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg. As General Robert E. Lee moved north toward Pennsylvania in June 1863, Major General J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry began to ride around the Union Army and gather information about Federal troop movements while also disrupting their communications and supplies. Then Stuart was to promptly report to Lee.

Along the way Stuart captured a large Union wagon train full of provisions, but it slowed him down. He crossed the Pennsylvania border only to find a portion of the Union Army between him and Lee, and had no way to report to his commander. Approaching Hanover on the morning of June 30, Stuart's vanguard encountered a Union Calvary Division under Brigadier General Judson Kilpatrick, which included Brigadier General George A. Custer's Brigade. After severe fighting in the town's streets, the Federal horsemen chased the rebels out of town.

Without news from Stuart, Lee had begun to concentrate his army around Gettysburg when he learned that the Federals were closing in. The wayward Stuart did not arrive until late on the battle's second day.
HM NumberHMF03
Series This marker is part of the Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2009
Placed ByPennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development,
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 7th, 2014 at 3:50pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 330204 N 4407441
Decimal Degrees39.80000000, -76.98333333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 48', W 76° 59'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 48' 0.00" N, 76° 58' 60.00" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4 Center Square, Hanover PA 17331, US
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