Gaines High School / Peter H. Clark

Gaines High School / Peter H. Clark (HMFVO)

Location: Cincinnati, OH 45203 Hamilton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 6.324', W 84° 31.331'

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Side A: Gaines High School
In 1866, Gaines High School (grades 7-12), one of the first high schools for African Americans in Ohio, opened just west of this site in the same building as the Western District Elementary School, completed in 1859 and enlarged in 1866 and 1868. The school was named for John I. Gaines, whose leadership was responsible for securing passage of the Ohio law authorizing public schools for African Americans. Gaines was clerk and chief administrator of the African American school board when he died in 1859 at age 38. Gaines High School's Normal Department trained almost all of the African American teachers for southwest Ohio; schools in other states hired many of the students before they had even completed their studies. From 1866-1886, Gaines High School and its principal Peter H. Clark were nationally recognized for their excellence.

Side B: Peter H. Clark
Peter H. Clark (1829-1925) was the first teacher hired to teach in a black public school in Cincinnati when the Ohio Legislature authorized public schools for African Americans in 1849. He went on to become principal of the Western District Colored School and then principal of Gaines High School in 1866. Clark was one of Ohio's most prominent activists in the African American struggle for full citizenship rights. In 1883, he helped elect a Democrat governor who demanded and secured repeal of some of Ohio's notorious "black codes," fulfilling promises ignored by both parties for 15 years. On June 7, 1886, the newly elected Cincinnati Board of Education fired Clark on political grounds. William Parham, a graduate of the University of Cincinnati Law School, who practiced law and served in the Ohio Legislature after Gaines High School closed in 1890, succeeded him.
Series This marker is part of the Ohio: Ohio Historical Society series
Marker Number65-31
Year Placed2005
Placed ByFirst Unitarian Church of Cincinnati and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 16th, 2014 at 5:42pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 714253 N 4331396
Decimal Degrees39.10540000, -84.52218333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 6.324', W 84° 31.331'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 6' 19.44" N, 84° 31' 19.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)513
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1002 John St, Cincinnati OH 45203, US
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