Civil War Action at Vienna

Civil War Action at Vienna (HMHRO)

Location: Vienna, VA 22180 Fairfax County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 54.051', W 77° 15.384'

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On June 17, 1861, at this bend in the railroad, a Union train carrying 271 men of the 1st Ohio Volunteers was ambushed by nearly 700 South Carolina infantry and cavalry. Amid artillery fire, the Ohioans jumped from the platform cars and took cover in the woods.

The engineer immediately sped the locomotive Clarke, minus the troops and cars, back to Alexandria. Anticipating Union reinforcements, the Confederates burned the abandoned cars and retreated. Eight Federal soldiers were killed in the indecisive clash.

War came to the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad (predecessor of the W&OD) shortly after Virginia seceded from the Union. Before Federal forces confiscated the railroad on May 24, 1861, Maj. Gen. Robert E. Lee tore up the track and bridges west of Vienna and sent two of the three locomotives south.

After the skirmish at Vienna, the Clarke and other locomotives shuttled troops and supplies to Union encampments between Alexandria Vienna. The AL&H saw little further action other than occasional harassment by Col. John Mosby's men.
Series This marker is part of the Washington and Old Dominion Railroad series
Placed ByWashington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park - Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 13th, 2014 at 2:55pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 304331 N 4308194
Decimal Degrees38.90085000, -77.25640000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 54.051', W 77° 15.384'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 54' 3.06" N, 77° 15' 23.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 202, 571
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 300-398 Washington and Old Dominion Trail, Vienna VA 22180, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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