Etienne Veniard - Sieur de Bourgemont

Etienne Veniard - Sieur de Bourgemont (HMI44)

Location: Kansas City, MO 64105 Jackson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 6.291', W 94° 35.558'

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Etienne Veniard - Sieur de Bourgemont

(front of marker in English)

Starting about 1680, the pressure of French traders moving up the Missouri from the Illinois country coincided with the commercial void created by the Pueblo Indian revolt in New Mexico. Soon, Frenchmen were coming in considerable numbers via the Missouri, to Kawsmouth and beyond, whence they journeyed overland to Taos and Santa Fe. They were the precursors of the Santa Fe Trail traders. The route up the Missouri was officially explored and mapped for Louis XIV's government in 1713 by Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont. He noted the "low range of hills on the South side and the Kansas River entering from the South." His military engineer on the trip, Renaudiere, noted the site later selected for Ft' de Cavagnial (1744-1764), a trading post at the village of the Kansa Indians on the river bluffs North of present Fort Leavenworth (just over the horizon to the Northwest). In 1724, accompanied by the first doctor and he first priest who were definitely known to have visited the site of Kansas City, Bourgmont visited the Kansa and journeyed to within a short distance of New Mexico to open the way for the Santa Fe trade. The Kansa later removed nearer to the Kawsmouth area and Francois Chouteau set up a trading emporium at Kawsmouth which his uncle, Pierre Chouteau, referred to as "Chez Les Canses"-i.e. at the home or Village of the Kansa. It was but a short step from that name to Town of Kansas and, eventually to the present Kansas City.

(Reverse of marker in French)

La pression des commer?ants fran?ais qui remontaient le Missouri ? partir du pays des Illinois commen?a ? s'exercer aux alentours de 1680; elle co?ncidait avec le vide commercial laiss? par la r?volte des Indiens Pueblo dans le Nouveau-Mexique. Bient?t les Fran?ais arriv?rent en nombre considerable par le Missouri ? Kawsmouth et au dela, d;ou ils voyageaient par voie de terre vers Taos et Santa F?. C'?taite les pr?curseurs des commer?ants de la piste de Santa F?.

La route du Missouri fut explor?e et sa carte fut dress?e officiellement pour le gouvernement de Louis XIV en 1713 par Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgemont. Ce dernier nota "la cha?ne de collines de faible altitude au Sud et la rivi?re Kansas entrant par le Sud". L'ing?nieur militaire qui l'accompagnait, Renaudi?re, prit note de l'emplacement qui fut plus tard retenu pour la construction du Fort Cavagnial (1744 - 1764), un poste o? s'effectuaient les ?changes commerciaux dans le village des Indiens Kansas situ? sur les contreforts escarp de la rivi?re au nord de ce qui est aujord'hui Fort Leavenworth (? l'horizon en direction du Nord-Ouest).

Bourgmont ?tait ?galement accompagn? par le premier docteur et le premier pr?tre ? avoir visit? l'emplacement de l'actuel Kansas City lorsqu'il visita le Kansas en 1724 et se rendit jusqu'aux abords du Nouveaux-Mexique pour ouvrir la route au commerce avec Santa F?. Les Indiens Kansas se r??tablirent plus tard pres de la r?gion de Kawsmouth et Francois Chouteau ?tablit ? Kawsmouth un entrep?t que son oncle, Pierre Chouteau, d?nomma: "Chez les Canses", c'est ? dire au village des Indiens Kansas. Il n'y avait plus qu'un pas ? franchir pour appeler l'emplacement Kansas City.
HM NumberHMI44
Placed ByChouteau Society & the Mildred Lane Kemper Fund
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 7th, 2014 at 5:50am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 362291 N 4329619
Decimal Degrees39.10485000, -94.59263333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 6.291', W 94° 35.558'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 6' 17.46" N, 94° 35' 33.48" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)816
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 800-898 Jefferson St, Kansas City MO 64105, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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