"a place of importance" - Union Leadership at Decatur

"a place of importance" - Union Leadership at Decatur (HMISK)

Location: Decatur, AL 35601 Morgan County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 37.009', W 86° 59.07'

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Inscription

"A Hard Nut To Crack"

— The Battle For Decatur —

The Decatur crossing of the Tennessee River was used extensively by Union forces. In the Fall of 1863, elements of Major General William T. Sherman's Army of the Tennessee passed through Decatur on their way from Vicksburg to Chattanooga. Union commands from the Army of the Tennessee spent the spring of 1864 camped at Decatur, and were inspected by Major General James B. McPherson and Sherman on March 25, 1864.

On March 8, 1864, Union Major General Grenville M. Dodge and XVI Army Corps permanently occupied Decatur and constructed a pontoon bridge and substantial fortifications. You are near where the southern entrance to the pontoon bridge was in 1864-1865. After the Army of the Tennessee joined the Atlanta Campaign in late April, 1864, a permanent garrison commanded by Colonel Charles C. Doolittle of the 18th Michigan Infantry, and consisting of 1,500 infantry and seventeen pieces of artillery was established here. This garrison would substantially reinforced in October, 1864.

The Federal army briefly withdrew the garrison to reinforce Nashville on November 23, but Decatur was re-occupied by Major General James B. Steedman and a division of U. S. Colored Troops on December 27, 1864. Decatur was occupied by Union forces until the end of the war. The last known date that Federal troops were in Decatur was June 30, 1865. After the war Grenville Dodge would go on to serve as Chief Engineer for the Union Pacific Railroad, responsible for the construction of the transcontinental railroad.
Details
HM NumberHMISK
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Marker Number6
Placed ByCity of Decatur
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 23rd, 2014 at 5:13pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 501420 N 3830550
Decimal Degrees34.61681667, -86.98450000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 37.009', W 86° 59.07'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 37' 0.54" N, 86° 59' 4.20" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)256
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1105 Sycamore St NW, Decatur AL 35601, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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