The Fredonia Rebellion

The Fredonia Rebellion (HMK2U)

Location: Nacogdoches, TX 75961 Nacogdoches County
Buy Texas State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 31° 36.168', W 94° 39.276'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

December 16, 1826 to January 28, 1827

For a brief while, the flag that flew over Nacogdoches Plaza Principal was the red-and-white banner of Haden Edwards' forty-four-day Fredonia Rebellion.

Edwards had obtained a grant from Mexico to settle 800 families in East Texas in the Nacogdoches area. Unfortunately for him, much of the land had already been settled - legally and illegally - by the early Spanish, by Indians, and by Anglo squatters. Edwards' intrusion caused such a disturbance that the Mexican government revoked his grant.

Disappointed over the loss of his grant, on December 16, 1826, Haden and his brother Benjamin rode into Nacogdoches, planted their flag in front of the Stone Fort, and proclaimed the Republic of Fredonia. They had formed an uncertain alliance with the Cherokees, thus the reason for the red and white colors of the flag. The flag carried the words "Independence Freedom and Justice" and the signatures of sixteen of the original Fredonians.

The name "Fredonia" had been coined in the early days of the American republic and was poetically used, as was the term "Columbia," in reference to the United States, "Fredonia" implied "a place of freedom."

The Fredonian army consisted of no more than thirty men. Their Cherokees allies deserted them. Stephen F. Austin raised a militia to put down the East Texas rebellion. And Mexico sent troops from San Antonio to disperse them.

The Fredonians gave up their cause on January 28, 1827, and retreated eastward across the Sabine.
HM NumberHMK2U
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 6:40am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 343034 N 3497598
Decimal Degrees31.60280000, -94.65460000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 36.168', W 94° 39.276'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 36' 10.08" N, 94° 39' 16.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)936, 903
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 99 S Fredonia St, Nacogdoches TX 75961, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?