Burkittsville (HMK2)

Location: Burkittsville, MD 21718 Frederick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 23.621', W 77° 37.753'

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Houses of Worship Become Houses of Misery

— Antietam Campaign 1862 —

Union surgeons turned Burkittsville, a quiet rural village of some 200 people, into a hospital complex after the September 14, 1862, Battle of Crampton's Gap. The building in front of you, the German Reformed Church, was Hospital D.

Twenty-year-old Henrietta Biser gasped when she saw the church pews strewn in the front yard and "a pile of amputated limbs lying just inside the door of the church. Blood was running...over the floor...and things were torn to pieces." Henry M. Wiener remembered amputations being conducted in the church and "seeing blood on...the walls of the church." Wounded Union and Confederate soldiers lay on the floor, their seeping blood ruining the carpet, until straw was brought in. When it became soaked, it was pitched outside and replaced with cots.

The red brick St. Paul's Lutheran Church also served as a hospital, and the Reformed Church parsonage, which stood between the churches, may also have served a medical function. The Henry McDuell farm north of town was Hospital A.

The hospitals operated until January 1863, when the remaining patients were transferred to Frederick. The soldiers who died in Burkittsville were temporarily interred in the town cemetery. The Federals were removed to the Antietam National Cemetery in 1867 and the Confederates to Hagerstown's Washington Confederate Cemetery in the 1870s.

Hospital D stands as a reminder of the misery and destruction the Antietam Campaign brought into the heart of this quiet town.
HM NumberHMK2
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 27th, 2014 at 3:48pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 273582 N 4363763
Decimal Degrees39.39368333, -77.62921667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 23.621', W 77° 37.753'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 23' 37.26" N, 77° 37' 45.18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1-99 Gapland Rd, Burkittsville MD 21718, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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