Washington Monument

Washington Monument (HMKH)

Location: Charles Town, MD 25414 Jefferson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 29.951', W 77° 37.441'

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Signal Station

— Antietam Campaign 1862 —

During the Antietam Campaign, the U.S. Signal Corps used the stone structure as a signal station. On July 4, 1827, citizens of the town of Boonsboro paraded to the top of the mountain here and began building this first monument in the country completed in honor of George Washington. On September 14, 1862, as Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and his staff entered Boonsboro during the Battle of South Mountain, Lt. Col. E.P. Alexander observed "a small party of people on what seemed to be some sort of tower on the mountain top." Thinking they were Union signalers, Alexander led a squad of eight men up to investigate, but found them to be only some local citizens trying to get a better view of the combat. Federal signalmen did use the monument afterward, however, and during the Battle of Antietam three days later.

The two armies revisited this valley in 1863 during the Confederate retreat after the Battle of Gettysburg. They sparred across Washington County, July 5-14, fighting at Boonsboro, Funkstown, and Hagerstown.
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 5th, 2014 at 11:38am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 274371 N 4375461
Decimal Degrees39.49918333, -77.62401667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 29.951', W 77° 37.441'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 29' 57.06" N, 77° 37' 26.46" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1501 Appalachian Trail, Charles Town MD 25414, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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