R. R. Moton High School

R. R. Moton High School (HMKYM)

Location: Farmville, VA 23901 Prince Edward County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 17.475', W 78° 23.854'

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Farmville, Virginia

— Prince Edward County —

On this site of the former R.R. Moton High School, the actions of some brave African-American students to achieve equal educational opportunities for blacks eventually led to the end of legal segregation in American public schools.

Moton High School was built to house 180 black students. On April 23, 1951, it held 450 instead, with some classes conducted in "tar-paper shacks," resulting in a student walkout protesting the unequal facilities, course offerings and buses. Within weeks the students sought legal redress of their grievances. The NAACP agreed to support a suit for school integration, believing that goal to be in the best interest of the community. The subsequent case, Davis et al. v. County School Board of Prince Edward, was decided by the United States Supreme Court in 1954 in its landmark Brown v. Board decision, which stated that "in the field of public education the doctrine of eparate but equal' has no place." A second Brown decision in 1955 mandated that integration be achieved "with all deliberate speed."

Rather than integrate its public schools, Prince Edward County withheld funds for all public education. As a result, all of the county's public schools were closed from 1959 until 1964, when the Supreme Court ruled in Griffin v. Prince Edward that localities must fund and operate public schools.

Today, Prince Edward's fully integrated public schools bear the legacy of a fight for civil rights in education that began here with a courageous, non-violent act by a group of high school students and resulted in three historic United States Supreme Court rulings. In 1998 the site was designated a National Historic Landmark. In 2001 it formally opened as a museum.
Marker Number24
Placed ByCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail?
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 2:28am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 730689 N 4130357
Decimal Degrees37.29125000, -78.39756667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 17.475', W 78° 23.854'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 17' 28.50" N, 78° 23' 51.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)434
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 901-999 S Main St, Farmville VA 23901, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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