Home Guard Defended Covered Bridge / Bridging The Black Warrior River

Home Guard Defended Covered Bridge / Bridging The Black Warrior River (HMNUI)

Location: Northport, AL 35476 Tuscaloosa County
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Country: United States of America
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N 33° 12.924', W 87° 34.409'

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Home Guard Defended Covered Bridge
3 April 1865 - Brig Gen John T. Croxton's Cavalry Brigade departed camp at Johnson's Ferry (Old Lock 17 area) to the Watermelon Road ending in Northport. As the Union troops entered Northport, the Methodist Church bell was rung as a prearranged warning alarm. Armed with 7-shot carbines, 150 troopers of the 2nd Michigan Cav Regt rushed the covered bridge which was defended by about a dozen old men and young boys led by 53-year-old Capt Benjamin F. Eddins. This Home Guard removed 30 feet of the bridge's flooring in a delaying action as they retreated, returning fire with their single-shot weapons. Capt Eddins was seriously wounded and died a week later; 15-year-old John Carson was crippled for life by a bullet. Union casualties of the 2nd Mich Cav Regt numbered 23.

4 April - Croxton's raiders skirmished with the Alabama Corps of Cadets near Greensboro Ave and University Blvd and the brow of River Hill. After the mayor, accompanied by a Catholic priest, surrendered the town, the Union troops burned the main buildings of the State University, the foundry, factories, warehouses and 2,000 bales of cotton. 5 April - Burning the covered bridge and destroying two captured cannon. Croxton's cavalry departed Tuscaloosa and Northport by way of the Columbus Road (Old Highway 82 W).

Bridging The Black Warrior River:
At this junction for all roads converging from the north, east, and west, seven bridges in succession have connected Northport and Tuscaloosa across the Black Warrior River. The first was built in 1834 by then - slave Horace King. Damaged by a tornado in 1842, it was replaced in 1852 by a second bridge - the one defended by the Tuscaloosa Home Guard before its destruction in April 1865. In 1872 a new wooden span was erected, again engineered by King, who had been freed in 1846 and who become famous as a bridge builder in Alabama and Georgia. A 3-span iron bridge was built in 1882, then replaced in 1895 with a swing-span type to allow the passage of river traffic. A drawbridge was constructed in 1922, standing until the Hugh Thomas Bridge was built slightly downstream in 1974.
Year Placed2002
Placed ByAlabama Historical Association, Sponsored by the Friends of Northport and the Heritage Commission of Tuscaloosa County
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 9:38pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 446557 N 3675313
Decimal Degrees33.21540000, -87.57348333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 12.924', W 87° 34.409'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 12' 55.44" N, 87° 34' 24.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)205
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2 Bridge Ave, Northport AL 35476, US
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