Shoals on the Ogeechee

Shoals on the Ogeechee (HMOZK)

Location: Mitchell, GA 30820 Glascock County
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Country: United States of America
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N 33° 15.276', W 82° 45.305'

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First called Lexington, Shoals was the site of what was probably the first woolen mill and iron foundry in Georgia. In 1794, Col. William Bird, Revolutionary soldier from Pennsylvania, and Benjamin A. Hamp bought several thousand acres of land including the shoals, a natural site for a dam, where they built the mill. The race was made by alternately burning pine logs on the granite and pouring cold water over it so the stone would split off. Hamp soon sold his share in "Bird & Hamp" to Col. Bird. After Col. Bird's death in 1812, his heirs sold the property to Thomas Cheely, who built a grist mill for grinding wheat and corn. This, with the woolen mill, was burned by Sherman's forces in 1864. In later years there have been grist mills and ginneries at the site operated by the Coleman family who own most of the original Bird property.

"Aviary," the home of Col. Bird and his wife, Caroline Dalton Bird, with its family cemetery where both are buried, was on the hill overlooking the dam. Among their descendants were William Lowndes Yancey, "Orator of Secession," and Benjamin Yancey, Jr., minister to Argentina under President Buchanan.
Series This marker is part of the Georgia: Georgia Historical Society/Commission series
Marker Number149-4
Year Placed1957
Placed ByGeorgia Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 9th, 2014 at 7:56am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 336509 N 3680885
Decimal Degrees33.25460000, -82.75508333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 15.276', W 82° 45.305'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 15' 16.56" N, 82° 45' 18.30" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 314 Mitchell-Shoals-Sewel Rd, Mitchell GA 30820, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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