B & O Railroad

B & O Railroad (HMQLQ)

Location: Wheeling, WV 26003 Ohio County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 3.827', W 80° 43.313'

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"All Aboard!"

The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad reached Wheeling on Christmas Eve 1852 and was one of the best presents the city of Wheeling ever received. From that Christmas until the last "All Aboard!" was shouted on June 30, 1961, our city utilized this grand railroad to carry our people to the rest of the nation. Operating in Wheeling for 108 years, the B & O continued to carry made-in-Wheeling products until the 1970s.

(1) Servant of Industry
The B & O helped Wheeling's iron, steel, coal, chemical, lumber, and tobacco industries move their products to the rest of the country. The B & 0's impact on Wheeling was felt immediately since the railroad served as the foundation upon which the various industries operated and expanded.

(2) Passenger Service
The Wheeling Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Passenger Station Building was built in 1907-1908 for $300,000. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the station is located between Market and Chapline on 16th Street. The entire B & O complex included a coach yard, a tower, a 935 foot long viaduct, and a totally independent power plant. At the time it was the third largest terminal in the B & O network. West Virginia Northern Community College currently occupies this building.

(3) Engineering Achievement
The mountainous, 379 mile distance from Baltimore to Wheeling was seen as insurmountable by many engineers. The Allegheny Mountains intimidated all but the heartiest of railroad engineers. Newspapers reported that the route from Cumberland to Wheeling was so bad that even a buffalo couldn't make the trek "without shaking out its teeth."


The Wheeling National Heritage Area preserves and celebrates the city's dramatic setting, resources and history, including its role as the birthplace of the state of West Virginia during the Civil War.

A National Heritage Area is a part of our country's landscape that has been recognized by the United States Congress for its unique contribution to the American experience.
Placed ByWest Virginia Northern Community College
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 22nd, 2014 at 5:43pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 523717 N 4434873
Decimal Degrees40.06378333, -80.72188333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 3.827', W 80° 43.313'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 3' 49.62" N, 80° 43' 18.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304, 740
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1600-1710 Market St, Wheeling WV 26003, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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