Birth of a Park

Birth of a Park (HMR1V)

Location: Hurricane, UT 84737 Washington County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 12.011', W 112° 59.253'

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Zion was little visited by outsiders during the 19th Century. The region's isolation began to erode in 1908, when Deputy Surveyor Leo Snow mapped the upper Virgin River for the U.S. Department of the Interior. Snow's report was so persuasive that just the next year, President W.H. Taft created Mukuntuweap National Monument. By 1919, it had been enlarged and renamed Zion National Park.

[Photo inset caption] Leo A. Snow, a native of St. George, Utah, on a survey expedition. In his report recommending that Zion be designated a national Monument, Snow wrote that "a view can be had of this canyon surpassed only by a similar view of the Grand Canyon..."

[Blue marker below]
The name Mukuntuweap, derived from a Paiute word, was assigned to Zion by Major John Wesley Powell, who explored the area in the 1870s. Local residents preferred the name Zion, and in 1918 the monument's name was changed. The following year, Zion became a national park.

At first the remoteness of Zion limited visitation. That changed in 1923, when the Union Pacific Railroad brought service to Cedar City, and the State of Utah then built a road into Zion Canyon. Visitation increased again in 1930, when the Zion-Mt. Carmel Highway and tunnel were completed.

During the Depression of the 1930s a Federal work program, the Civilian Conservation Corps, or CCC, made substantial contributions to Zion. CCC workers constructed roads, trails, and buildings throughout the park. The distinctive design of these stone and timber structures is visible today.
HM NumberHMR1V
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 15th, 2014 at 8:17am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12S E 323610 N 4118929
Decimal Degrees37.20018333, -112.98755000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 12.011', W 112° 59.253'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 12' 0.66" N, 112° 59' 15.18" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)435
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2422 Pa'rus Trail, Hurricane UT 84737, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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