Quanassee Town and the Spikebuck Mound

Quanassee Town and the Spikebuck Mound (HMS4G)

Location: Hayesville, NC 28904 Clay County
Buy North Carolina State flags at Flagstore.com!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at Flagstore.com!

N 35° 2.858', W 83° 48.514'

  • 1 check ins
  • 1 favorites
In 1700, the river bottoms surrounding present day Hayesville were home to a thriving Cherokee community called Quanassee. The heart of the village was a townhouse, a combined civic center, council house, and temple that was located atop the mound (today called the Spikebuck Mound) that still stands on the bank of the Hiwassee River. Adjacent to the townhouse was an open plaza for ceremonies, dances and games. Individual homes ringed the plaza, and each family maintained a circular winter house and a rectangular summer house, with a small corn house or two. Surrounding the town were orchards, gardens and fields of corn, beans, squash, sunflowers, tobacco and other crops, a half acre for each person in the village.

Archaelogical evidence indicates that Quanassee was a substantial settlement as early as 1550, and most of Spikebuck mound was constructed before the first English explorers came to the area in the 1690s. In 1716, South Carolina officials Col. George Chicken and Major John Herbert met with Cherokee leaders at Quanassee to secure Cherokee alliance in the Yamassee War. In 1717, South Carolina established a public trading "factory" (store and warehouse) at Quanassee to supply the region with English manufactured goods in exchange for deerskins and other Cherokee commodities. The main route between the English settlement in South Carolina and the Cherokee towns in Tennessee passed through Quanassee, and the town became a bustling trade center.

In its heyday, Quanassee was home to several hundred people, but by 1721, it was among the smallest Cherokee towns, with only 104 people (37 men, 31 women, and 36 children). The threat of attack during the protracted Creek-Cherokee War (ca 1716-1752) drove many townspeople to seek more secure settlements. Their fears were well founded; in 1725m a Coosa (Creek) war party "cut off" Quanassee, destroying the town and killing or enslaving most of its inhabitants. The settlement was defunct for many years, but a new community established itself at Quanassee prior to the American Revolution. In 1776, Rutherford expedition forces "campt at Quannasy Town on hywasey" before razing the Cherokee Valley Towns. When Benjamin Hawkins passed through the area in 1797, he saw that "...on the left bank of this was the town of Quannasee, for many years the residene of Cornelius Daughterty, an old Irish trader; at present there is nothing remaining of the old town except open flats where were formerly the corn fields..." The area was known as Quanassee into the 1820's, when Baptist missionaries came to preach to families living at "Quansee."

HM NumberHMS4G
Placed ByCherokee Preservation Foundation
Marker Condition
10 out of 10 (1 reports)
Date Added Wednesday, October 22nd, 2014 at 3:19pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. The member who adopted this marker listing is responsible for adding pictures.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 243827 N 3881932
Decimal Degrees35.04763333, -83.80856667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 2.858', W 83° 48.514'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 2' 51.48" N, 83° 48' 30.84" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)704, 828
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 176 Spoon Hill Dr, Hayesville NC 28904, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Fort Hembree
0.56 miles
In Memory Our War Dead
0.57 miles
George W. Truett
0.64 miles
Towns County
7.52 miles
Trail of Tears
7.86 miles
Brasstown Bald
11.99 miles
Track Rock Gap
12.02 miles
Prison Cell Door
12.97 miles
Cherokee Heritage Trails
12.98 miles
Nuya Saligugi Historical
12.98 miles
Check Ins  check in   |    all

I Saw The Marker

A beautiful walk but you have to wander past the local ball park. Once you get to the mound, the trail ends but a large field with a mowed path that abuts the river follows. It ends abruptly but it’s filled with wild flowers and different kinds of butterflies. Hope to learn if that field is part of the old settlement. A work in progress. Lovely.

Sep 24, 2021 at 10:39am PDT by pjohns54

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. This marker needs at least one picture.
  10. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  11. Is the marker in the median?