Historic Dubuque

Historic Dubuque (HMTAQ)

Location: Dubuque, IA 52003 Dubuque County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 28.127', W 90° 38.887'

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Historic Dubuque — the Key City of Iowa — formed a part of what became French Louisiana when Joliet and Marquette paddled by in 1673. Perrot taught the Miami Indians how to mine lead here in 1690. France ceded Louisiana west of the Mississippi to Spain in 1762, placing this area under Spain. Frenchmen mined lead here during the American Revolution.

The Fox Indians granted Julien Dubuque the right to work the lead mines in 1788 and this right was confirmed by a Spanish Land Grant in 1796. Dubuque, the first permanent settler in Iowa, died in 1810. His tomb is on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi below Dubuque.

Sturdy lead miners drew up the Miner's Compact (the first code of laws in Iowa) on this site in 1830. Permanent white settlement began here in 1833 following the withdrawal of the Fox Indians. The first survey of the city limits was made that fall.

Dubuque is a city of many firsts — the first church and the first murder and public hanging (1834), the first newspaper and the first bank (1836). The town was incorporated in 1836. Dubuque, city and county, had 31,164 inhabitants in 1860.
Series This marker is part of the Iowa: State Historical Society of Iowa series
Year Placed1967
Placed ByState Historical Society of Iowa and the Iowa State Highway Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 10:24am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15T E 693346 N 4704506
Decimal Degrees42.46878333, -90.64811667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 28.127', W 90° 38.887'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 28' 7.62" N, 90° 38' 53.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)563
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10715 Monument Dr, Dubuque IA 52003, US
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