1814 Boundary / Founding of Fort Gaines

1814 Boundary / Founding of Fort Gaines (HMVSB)

Location: Fort Gaines, GA 39851 Clay County
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Country: United States of America
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N 31° 38.017', W 85° 2.643'

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1814 Boundary

The boundary line defined in the Treaty of Fort Jackson (August 1814) between the confederated Creek tribes and the United States extended eastward from the mouth of Cemochechobee Creek south of here to a point near Jesup, Georgia. Signed by General Andrew Jackson for the U.S. and Tustennugge Thlocco (Big Warrior) and Thstennugge Hopoie (Little Prince) for the Creeks, the treaty ceded about 23 million acres of land and was intended to separate hostile Indians from British forces in Florida during the War of 1812.

Founding of Fort Gaines
A military garrison, later named Fort Gaines, was established on the Chattahoochee River in 1814 to patrol the buffer against the British and hostile Indians created by the land ceded in the Treaty of Fort Jackson. Benjamin Hawkins, venerable Indian agent to the southern tribes, and troops commanded by Coweta Chief William McIntosh had the task of enforcing General Jackson's prohibition of any Indian entering the newly acquired territory. His orders were that "all persons carrying and bringing lies" to the British would be shot. He believed Oketeyeconne and Hitchiti towns near here were havens for spies.

Year Placed1989
Placed ByHistoric Chattahoochee Commission and the Fort Gaines High School Class of 1939
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 16th, 2014 at 2:05am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16R E 685497 N 3501487
Decimal Degrees31.63361667, -85.04405000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 38.017', W 85° 2.643'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 38' 1.02" N, 85° 2' 38.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)229
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 16 Eufaula St, Fort Gaines GA 39851, US
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