Revolutionary War Privateering

Revolutionary War Privateering (HMWKB)

Location: New London, CT 06320 New London County
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Country: United States of America
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N 41° 21.264', W 72° 5.627'

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Led to Benedict Arnold's Attack

When the colonies chose revolution, the Continental Congress appointed Nathaniel Shaw to be in charge of Connecticut's Navy. That navy consisted largely of privateers, privately-owned armed vessels, licensed to attack British shipping. Privateers were allowed to claim their cargos to sell for profit.

Through most of the Revolutionary War, New York City was British headquarters. This made Long Island Sound a prime location for commerce-raiding. New London had 59 licensed privateers and captured over 200 merchant ships carrying a plentiful supply of goods.

The British commander decided to punish New London and sent Benedict Arnold to lead a raid. On September 6, 1781 Arnold's forces captured Fort Trumbull and Fort Griswold, in Groton, slaughtering 80 of the defenders. In New London, the entire waterfront was set ablaze. Warehouses, homes, businesses, public buildings and ships were destroyed.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, September 18th, 2014 at 12:44pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 743116 N 4582175
Decimal Degrees41.35440000, -72.09378333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 41° 21.264', W 72° 5.627'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds41° 21' 15.84" N, 72° 5' 37.62" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)860
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 758-798 Atlantic St, New London CT 06320, US
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