Battle of Plattsburgh Bay

Battle of Plattsburgh Bay (HMWNL)

Location: Plattsburgh, NY 12901 Clinton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 44° 41.615', W 73° 26.755'

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Throughout the War of 1812, British forces targeted Lake Champlain as an invasion route. United States Navy Lieutenant Thomas Macdonough was able to confine them in the Richelieu River of Quebec throughout the summer of 1813. American shipbuilders spent the following winter, spring and summer feverishly building a United States Naval war fleet in Vergennes, Vermont.

Macdonough's fleet was built none too soon as American General Alexander Macomb faced reinforced British forces gathering for a land invasion of Plattsburgh. On the morning of September 11, 1814, British Captain George Downie brought his warships around Cumberland Head to aid in the invasion and found Macdonough's warships already anchored upwind in the bay. The ensuing battle took place in close quarters which gave Macdonough's carronade-equipped vessels an advantage over the British ships' heavier guns.

The Battle lasted about two and a half hours and cost the lives of 143 men who were buried on nearby Crab Island. Its decisive outcome effectively ended the war.

Placed ByLake Champlain Historic Landings Heritage Trail, Lake Champlain Basin Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 3rd, 2014 at 2:30pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 623136 N 4950086
Decimal Degrees44.69358333, -73.44591667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 41.615', W 73° 26.755'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 41' 36.90" N, 73° 26' 45.30" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)518
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 43 Hamilton St, Plattsburgh NY 12901, US
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