Columbia (HMXJJ)

Location: West Columbia, TX 77486 Brazoria County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 8.536', W 95° 38.914'

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In September 1836 Columbia, now known as West Columbia, became capital of the Republic of Texas. This took place with the removal of the ad interim government here from Velasco. After the election called by ad interim President David G. Burnet, the first permanent government of the Republic went into operation here in Columbia in October.

Inaugurated were President Sam Houston and Vice-President Mirabeau B. Lamar. Under their leadership the first duly elected congress convened and the first constitution of the Republic was ratified.

Citizens of this vicinity served the Republic. Henry Smith of nearby Brazoria prior to this time had been the first Anglo-American Governor of Texas, in the 1835-1836 revolutionary provisional government. In President Houston's cabinet, he was Secretary of the Treasury.

Stephen F. Austin, colonizer and Father of Texas, was Secretary of State; under the heavy demands of that office, his health broke and he died here on December 27, 1836.

In April, 1837, at the wish of President Houston, the seat of government was moved to more adequate quarters in the City of Houston.
Marker Number9547
Year Placed1965
Placed ByTexas State Historical Survey Committee
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 10th, 2014 at 6:29pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 242335 N 3226649
Decimal Degrees29.14226667, -95.64856667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 8.536', W 95° 38.914'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 8' 32.16" N, 95° 38' 54.84" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)979
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-109 E Bernard St, West Columbia TX 77486, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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