Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City

Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana in Texas City (HMXV7)

Location: Texas City, TX 77590 Galveston County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 23.311', W 94° 54.146'

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In the 1870s native Tejanos organized Sociedades Mutualistas, mutual aid societies designed to protect their interests from the growing Anglo population of Texas. Although most of the early settlers of this area were of English, French, and German descent, increasing numbers of Mexican immigrants arrived in 1893 when construction began on the city's port facilities. In 1910 the Texas City census revealed a significant Hispanic populace.

In March 1914, under the auspices of Texas City's Mexican consulate, the community established Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana (Mexican Mutual Aid Society), a descendant of the Sociedades Mutualistas. Members were offered such services as legal aid, refuge from discrimination and economic deprivation, social and cultural activities, financial loans, libraries, sickness and burial insurance, and adult education. The society's motto was "Union, Paz, y Trabajo" (Union, Peace, and Work).

While cities such as San Antonio and Corpus Christi had several societies, the memberships of which were mostly male with a few female auxiliaries, Texas City had only one. Most sociedades in Texas lasted until the Depression era. Descendants of the Sociedad in Texas City include the Comision Honorifica Mexicana (Honorable Mexican Commission) of the 1920s and 1930s and the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), still strong in 1998. While LULAC is a civil rights-based organization, the Sociedad was primarily a labor rights group. The Sociedad Mutualista Mexicana was a significant element of Texas City's labor and industrial history.
HM NumberHMXV7
Marker Number11890
Year Placed1998
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 8th, 2014 at 9:45am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 315382 N 3252535
Decimal Degrees29.38851667, -94.90243333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 23.311', W 94° 54.146'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 23' 18.66" N, 94° 54' 8.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409, 281
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 406 6th St N, Texas City TX 77590, US
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