Shoal Point and Half Moon Shoal Lighthouse

Shoal Point and Half Moon Shoal Lighthouse (HMXXM)

Location: Texas City, TX 77590 Galveston County
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Country: United States of America
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N 29° 23.895', W 94° 53.565'

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A number of families settled along Galveston Bay in the 1830s after land grants were awarded to veterans of the republic of Texas army and navy. An early community at this site became known officially as Shoal Point in 1878 when a U. S. Post Office was established. It was renamed Texas City in 1893.

The commencement of shipping in Galveston Bay led to increased settlement in the area. In 1854 the U. S. Government erected a lighthouse in the bay two miles east of Shoal Point at Half Moon Shoal. One of several lighthouses built along the Texas Gulf Coast that year, the Half Moon Shoal lighthouse was a red and white painted frame structure with galleries surrounding the main portion of the building and a captain's walk around the light. A bell served as a fog warning device.

Decommissioned during the Civil War, the lighthouse was returned to service in 1868 and provided hazard warnings until the disastrous 1900 storm, when a steamship broke free from its mooring and drifted into the structure, destroying it and killing keeper Charles K. Bowen. A beacon replaced the lighthouse until the shipping lanes in the bay were chanted after the construction of the Texas City channel and dike.
Year Placed1991
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 19th, 2014 at 9:04am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15R E 316339 N 3253599
Decimal Degrees29.39825000, -94.89275000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 29° 23.895', W 94° 53.565'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds29° 23' 53.70" N, 94° 53' 33.90" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)409, 281
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1300-1398 Bay St N, Texas City TX 77590, US
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