Black Creek Park, part of the Five Mile Creek Greenway Partnership, encompasses the Fultondale Coke Oven Park development. The Fultondale Coke Oven Park preserves the environment and history of the old mining communities of north Birmingham, including the beehive coke ovens. The Five Mile Creek area experienced an explosion of coal mining and mining camps in the late 1800s due to the unique possession of all the resources needed for iron and steel production: iron ore, limestone and coal. The historic Mary Lee beehive coke ovens found on the southeast side of the creek, are the focal point of the park's development. The coal was purified in the beehive coke oven to reveal a nearly pure form of carbon which fueled Birmingham iron furnaces and steel mills. The Five Mile Creek Greenway Partnership represents the Jefferson County communities of Center Point, Tarrant, Fultondale, Coalburg, Republic, Brookside, Cardiff, Graysville and Linn Crossing.