Fort Wall

Fort Wall (HM1431)

Location: Fort Smith, AR 72901 Sebastian County
Country: United States of America
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N 35° 23.268', W 94° 25.846'

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Security has always been a concern for the U.S. military. The army designed the second Fort Smith (1838-1871) as part of line of forts from Minnesota to Louisiana to separate the territory occupied by Native American tribes from that settled by American citizens. To provide protection in the event of an attack, military engineers called for the construction of a fort with five bastions (gun emplacements), and a massive stonewall that was 12 feet high and 2 feet thick.

Fort Smith represents the last of a dying breed; from the 1840s on, virtually all frontier forts were built without walls. After Fort Smith was built, the cost of constructing a wall was considered too great in comparison to the benefit of a fortified defense. The fort walls remained in place throughout the federal court era (1872-1897), affording a level of security for proceedings and the executions that took place. Today the location of the original wall outlined by continuous band of stones.
HM NumberHM1431
Placed ByFort Smith National Historic Site National Park Services, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 22nd, 2014 at 7:21pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 370054 N 3916989
Decimal Degrees35.38780000, -94.43076667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 23.268', W 94° 25.846'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 23' 16.08" N, 94° 25' 50.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)501, 479
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 95 S 3rd St, Fort Smith AR 72901, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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