Confederates Occupy The Fort

Confederates Occupy The Fort (HM1435)

Location: Fort Smith, AR 72901 Sebastian County
Country: United States of America
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N 35° 23.294', W 94° 25.802'

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At the beginnings of the Civil War, "amid the firing of cannon and the cheers of the people," a local newspaper reported, Arkansas State Militia raised the Confederate flag and took control of Fort Smith on April 23, 1861.

With the Confederate victory in South Carolina at Fort Sumter, the U.S. War Department ordered all southern forts abandoned. Despite pleas of concerned citizens, U.S. troops (later called Union troops) left Fort Smith just an hour before state militia arrived. The transition took place without conflict.

While Arkansas militia troops controlled the fort, citizens of Fort Smith and the surrounding region remained deeply divided. Many pro-Unionist kept silent, suppressed their loyalties, or left town. After Union victories at Gettysburg and Vicksburg in July 1863 followed by Confederate defeat west of Fort Smith at Honey Springs, Union forces reclaimed Fort Smith in September 1863.
HM NumberHM1435
Placed ByFort Smith National Historic Site National Park Services, U.S. Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 19th, 2014 at 1:03pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)15S E 370121 N 3917036
Decimal Degrees35.38823333, -94.43003333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 23.294', W 94° 25.802'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 23' 17.64" N, 94° 25' 48.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)501, 479
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 122 Rogers Ave, Fort Smith AR 72901, US
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