Patterson Park

Patterson Park (HM161H)

Location: Baltimore, MD 21224
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 17.413', W 76° 35.029'

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Civil War Camp and Hospital

During the Civil War Patterson Park served as a U.S. Army camp, one of several established as part of the Federal occupation of Baltimore. In 1861 the 10th Maine Infantry Regiment occupied Camp Washburn (named for Maine Gov. Israel Washburn) in the southern part of the park. Soon the camp was expanded and renamed Camp Patterson. In 1862, U.S. Army General Hospital Patterson Park was established here as Baltimore became a hospital town, with similar facilities filling other city parks and open spaces. After the war, when the camp and hospital were demolished, Patterson Park was redesigned and reconstructed over several years.

Hampstead Hill, where the park is located, held a fortification called Rodgers' Bastion during the War of 1812 when British forces threatened Baltimore. Afterward, the area became a favorite of city residents for picnics and excursions. In 1827, landowner William Patterson offered six acres to the city for a park; the government purchased another 29 acres from Patterson's heirs in 1850. On July 23, 1853, 20,000 people turned out for the park's grand opening.

After the Civil War, several designers including George A. Frederick, Charles H. Latrobe, and the Olmsted firm had a hand in crafting a new version of the park. Today, Patterson Park preserves much of its picturesque Late Victorian landscape but also includes recreational elements to encourage residential visitation and use.


Hospital Town
Patterson Park, as well as almost every other public park and plot of open space in Baltimore, became a hospital during the Civil War. Especially after the Battles of Antietam (September 17, 1862) and Gettyburg (July 1863), thousands of Union and Confederate wounded flooded into the city. Fort McHenry's post hospital treated many of the Confederate officers wounded during "Pickett's Charge" on July 3, 1863. Several Maryland relief organizations were founded in Baltimore to help treat the wounded closer to the battlefields.
HM NumberHM161H
Placed ByMaryland Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, September 17th, 2014 at 2:20am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 363413 N 4350178
Decimal Degrees39.29021667, -76.58381667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 17.413', W 76° 35.029'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 17' 24.78" N, 76° 35' 1.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-199 S Patterson Park Ave, Baltimore MD 21224, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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