Show of Strength

Show of Strength (HM1IDA)

Location: Baltimore, MD 21224
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 17.4', W 76° 35.016'

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Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

— War of 1812 —

After the stinging defeat at Bladensburg and invasion of Washington, Americans rallied to save Baltimore. All available able-bodied men were called to build defenses. Black and white, slave and free, united to dig earthworks across Hampstead Hill and adjacent heights.

British land forces approaching on September 13, 1814, stopped at the sight of the well-armed defenses. Deciding that storming the American stronghold would be too costly, the British army retreated.

Baltimore's Heroes-Credit for the defenses goes to Major General Samuel Smith and Commodore John Rogers. Smith coordinated the overall effort. Rodgers commanded Hampstead Hill, including a bastion where the pagoda now stands

(Inscriptions near the images on the left) Major General Samuel Smith by Rembrandt Peale, ca. 1817-18-image courtesy Maryland Historical Society and Commodore John Rogers by John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1814-image courtesy National Gallery of Art.

"(Baltimore) was...defended by extremely Strong Works on every Side, and immediately in front of us by an extensive Hill on which was an entrenched Camp and great quantities of artillery, and least... 15 to 20,000 Men."
-British Rear Admiral George Cockburn to Vice Admiral Alexander F.I. Cochrane, September 15, 1814.

(Inscription at the bottom) The Gathering of the Troops on Hampstead Hill by Thomas Ruckle-image courtesy Maryland Historical Society.

Series This marker is part of the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series
Placed ByNational Park Service-United States Department of the Interior
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, December 15th, 2014 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 363431 N 4350154
Decimal Degrees39.29000000, -76.58360000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 17.4', W 76° 35.016'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 17' 24" N, 76° 35' 0.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-199 S Patterson Park Ave, Baltimore MD 21224, US
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