South Pass

South Pass (HM19M7)

Location: Lander, WY 82520 Fremont County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 19.818', W 108° 58.354'

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Even after the discovery of South Pass in 1824, it was years before the route was used extensively. Fur trapper/trader William Sublette brought a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. While his party did not take wagons over the pass, they demonstrated the feasibility of using them.

Captain Benjamin Bonneville took the first wagons over South Pass in 1832. But it was U.S. Government explorer, Lt. John Charles Fremont, who was responsible for publicizing the South Pass route. Scattered references to an easy passage over the Rockies had appeared in newspapers for a decade, but in 1842 Fremont created enthusiasm for South Pass by explaining that a traveler could go through it without any "toilsome ascents".

As knowledge of South Pass became widespread, a great western migration commenced. Thousands of Mormons, and future Oregonians and Californians, would cut a wide swath along the route in the next twenty years.
HM NumberHM19M7
Series This marker is part of the California Trail series, and the Oregon Trail series.
Placed ByBureau of Land Management
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 3:56am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12T E 667039 N 4688440
Decimal Degrees42.33030000, -108.97256667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 19.818', W 108° 58.354'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 19' 49.08" N, 108° 58' 21.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)307
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 4441 Dickinson Ave, Lander WY 82520, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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