South Pass

South Pass (HM1IYM)

Location: Lander, WY 82520 Fremont County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 20.595', W 108° 53.135'

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South Pass was discovered in 1812 by a small band of Astorians led by Robert Stuart as they traveled east with dispatches for John Jacob Astor. It was "rediscovered" in 1824 by a party led by Jedediah Smith as they searched for a winter crossing through the Wind River Mountain Range. William Sublette led a small caravan of wagons to South Pass in 1828. While the party did not take the wagons over the pass, they proved that wagon travel was possible.

Captain Benjamin Bonneville took the first wagons over South Pass into the Green River Basin in 1832. But it was Lt. John Charles Fremont who would be credited with widely publicizing the route over South Pass as a result of his expedition in 1842. Scattered references to the easy passage over the Rocky Mountains had appeared in newspapers for a decade, but Fremont ignited enthusiasm for South Pass by explaining that a traveler could go through the pass without any "toilsome ascents".

With the discovery of South Pass, the great western migration began. Thousands of Mormons, future Oregonians and Californians would use the trail in the following twenty years.
Series This marker is part of the Mormon Pioneer Trail series, and the Oregon Trail series, and the Pony Express National Historic Trail series.
Placed ByBureau of Land Management
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, January 28th, 2015 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)12T E 674170 N 4690053
Decimal Degrees42.34325000, -108.88558333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 20.595', W 108° 53.135'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 20' 35.7" N, 108° 53' 8.1" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)307
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Emigrant Trail, Lander WY 82520, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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