War Comes to Fairfield

War Comes to Fairfield (HM1LG)

Location: Woodford, VA 22580 Caroline County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 8.89', W 77° 26.419'

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War brought profound changes to the Chandler family, Fairfield, and the slaves who toiled on the plantation. Three of Thomas Chandler's sons enlisted in the Confederate army. When the Union army occupied Fredericksburg in 1862 many of Chandler's slaves seized freedom, leaving the family without its customary workforce.

In December 1862 the Confederates established a major supply depot at Guinea Station, just a few hundred yards from Fairfield's back door. Camps sprawled across the plantation. Stonewall Jackson himself camped here for a week, declining the Chandler's offer to stay in the house. Instead he pitched a tent nearby.

By 1863 Chandler had had enough: he sold Fairfield. But before the Chandlers could move away, Fairfield's most famous visitor would return yet again - this time not to camp but to die. Jackson's death here propelled the plantation to a fame it had never known.

(caption of picture): Jackson arrived at Fairfield for the last time on May 4, 1863. By then the plantation was a vast camp, crowded with thousands of Union prisoners and Confederate wounded.
HM NumberHM1LG
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 3:24am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 286163 N 4225068
Decimal Degrees38.14816667, -77.44031667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 8.89', W 77° 26.419'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 8' 53.40" N, 77° 26' 25.14" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804, 540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 12019 Stonewall Jackson Rd, Woodford VA 22580, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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