Guinea Station

Guinea Station (HM1LA)

Location: Woodford, VA 22580 Caroline County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 8.881', W 77° 26.399'

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Grant Maneuvers South

Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign

General Winfield Hancock's Union Second corps left Spotsylvania Court House after sunset on May 290, 1864. It trudged south along dark roads, headed toward Milford Station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. Grant had ordered Hancock to Milford in the hope of luring the Confederate army out of its Spotsylvania trenches to a place where he could attack it and have the advantage.

Hancock reached Guinea Station about dawn, May 21. Pickets of the 9th Virginia Cavalry fired at the Union column, then disappeared to spread the alarm. Hancock continued south. A soon as his troops left Guinea Station, the Confederates began tearing up the Downer's Bridge, less than a mile behind you. A spirited attack by the 114th Pennsylvania Volunteers saved the bridge for the Union, however, enabling Warren's Fifth Corps to cross the river there later in the afternoon.

(caption of picture, upper left): The 114th Pennsylvania Volunteers. A Zouave regiment, this unit sported baggy red trousers, blue vests and turbans.

(caption of picture, upper right): Fairfield (left) was a sturdy brick plantation house when Grant dropped by on May 21, 1864. A fire later gutted the building, and in 1911 it was torn down.

(caption of picture, lower right): Grant established his headquarters at the Motley House (above) on May 21. He later wandered over to Fairfield and spoke with Mrs. Chandler about "Stonewall" Jackson's death there one year earlier.
HM NumberHM1LA
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, October 12th, 2014 at 12:43pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 286191 N 4225051
Decimal Degrees38.14801667, -77.43998333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 8.881', W 77° 26.399'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 8' 52.86" N, 77° 26' 23.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804, 540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 8300 State Rte 753, Woodford VA 22580, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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