Forts, Stations, and Camps

Forts, Stations, and Camps (HM1LZS)

Location: Guernsey, WY 82214 Platte County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 15.408', W 104° 44.936'

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Two plaque, under the same name, described military forts and stations on the Wyoming's Platte River section of the Oregon Trail.
Panel 1:

There were four forts, numerous stations, and camps along the Oregon-California-Mormon Trails in Wyoming during the mid-1800s. In 1849, Fort Laramie was specifically established to protect emigrants travelling west. The post was abandoned on March 2, 1890. Fort Clay was established October 1855 and predesignated Camp Davis February 1856. Fort Bridger was purchased in 1858 and closed November 6, 1890.

Fort Casper was originally established in May 1862, and named Platte Bridge Station. It was designated a fort November 21, 1856 and was officially abandoned October 19, 1867.

Most military camps and stations were established near Pacific Telegraph stations located near rivers, creeks, and springs. The soldiers at those stations were responsible for protecting emigrants, delivering mail, protecting and repairing the telegraph line. All stations were constructed by the 11th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry Regiment from 1862 two 1864. Buildings were constructed of logs or sod and had dirt or wood floors. All stations had enclosed corrals. Tents were also used for housing.

Camp Marshall, had wood buildings and was located just east of La Bonte Creek Station. It was established by E Company, 2nd Battalion in 1864. Named after Capt. Levi G. Marshall, the camp was officially abandoned in the Spring of 1866.

Camp Dodge was established April 1865 by the 11th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, four miles east of Platte Bridge Station, on present day Garden Creek, Casper Wyoming. It was composed of tents. The camp was abandoned in June 1865."

Panel 2:

All of the stations were abandoned in the Fall of 1866 when the last battalion of the of the 11th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry Regiment and the 3rd U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiment were finally mustered out of service.

Fort Clay, later named Camp Davis, was later established to protect Richard' s Bridge. The post was officially abandoned in November of 1856. At its peak, no more than 53 soldiers were assigned there.

The post at Platte Bridge / Camp Payne was established at the Camp Davis site. The post was to maintain communication for the Army's 1858 Utah Expedition and to protect emigrants using the trail. Companies D and E, 4th Artillery Regiment, under the command of Captain Joseph Roberts and Captain G.W. Getty were assigned there.
List of mileages

Fort Laramie to Horseshoe Creek Station, (S. of Gendo) - 43 miles · Horseshoe to Camp Marshall (on La Bonte Creek) - 20 miles · Camp Marshal to La Prele Creek Station - 18 miles · La Prele to Deer Creek Station - 17 miles · Deer Creek Station to Camp Davis (Evansville) 24 miles · Camp Davis to Camp Dodge (Garden Creek, Casper) - 4 miles · Camp Dodge to Platte Bridge Station (Casper) - 4 miles · Platte Bridge Station to Sweetwater Station (Sweetwater River) - 45 miles · Sweetwater Station to 3 Crossings of the Sweetwater Station - 36 miles · 3 Crossings to Saint Mary's Station (Rocky Ridge) 38 miles · St. Mary's to South Pass Station ( Burnt Station) 18 miles · Total Miles - 267 miles
Series This marker is part of the Oregon Trail series
Placed ByThe Wyoming National Guard, in cooperation with the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, U.S. Department of Interior, Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office, ad Wyoming State Parks and Historic Sites
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, July 19th, 2015 at 6:06pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13T E 520708 N 4678319
Decimal Degrees42.25680000, -104.74893333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 15.408', W 104° 44.936'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 15' 24.48" N, 104° 44' 56.16" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)307
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Lucinda Rollins Rd, Guernsey WY 82214, US
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