Fort Robinson - Camp Sheridan - Pine Ridge Indian Agency Road

Fort Robinson - Camp Sheridan - Pine Ridge Indian Agency Road (HM1OFH)

Location: Chadron, NE 69337 Dawes County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 48.828', W 103° 1.11'

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Following the 1874 establishment of military posts near the Red Cloud and Spotted Tail agencies for the Oglala and Brule Sioux, the army laid out a forty-two-mile road to transport military and Indian supplies between the agencies and posts.
Oglala leader Crazy Horse traveled the road on his final journey, when an army officer and Indian scouts escorted him from Camp Sheridan to Camp (later Fort) Robinson on September 5, 1877. Crazy Horse was killed that night while resisting imprisonment and his father returned his body to Camp Sheridan the next day. After Red Cloud Agency was relocated to Dakota Territory in 1878 and renamed Pine Ridge Agency, the road was extended there. By 1881 a telegraph line paralleled the road.
With the coming of settlers in the late 1870s, civilian stagecoaches and wagons traveled the road. The government continued to use it to deliver Indian agency supplies into the 1880s. Completion of the Fremont, Elkhorn, and Missouri Valley Railroad through northwestern Nebraska in 1885-86 relegated the road to local use.
Marker Number465
Year Placed2008
Placed ByDawes County Historical Society, Nebraska State Historical Society and Nebraska Department of Roads Transportation Enhancement Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 5th, 2015 at 9:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13T E 661998 N 4742042
Decimal Degrees42.81380000, -103.01850000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 48.828', W 103° 1.11'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 48' 49.68" N, 103° 1' 6.6" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)308
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Goffena Rd, Chadron NE 69337, US
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