The Battle Of Monterey Pass

The Battle Of Monterey Pass (HM1YAE)

Location: Fairfield, PA 17320 Adams County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 44.727', W 77° 27.227'

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Citizens' Stories and Kilpatrick's Advance

On the afternoon of July 4, Union General Judson Kilpatrick left Emmitsburg with three brigades of cavalry, supported by three batteries of rifled artillery. Kilpatrick was ordered to locate and attack a Confederate wagon train that was moving over South Mountain.

At Monterey Pass, Confederate soldiers captured Jacob Baer, David Miller, and other civilians at the Monterey Inn. Baer managed to get a message for help to Susan Lookabaugh. She walked past the Confederate pickets and came across James Embley and asked him for help.
Near Fountaindale, local farmer Charles H. Buhrman received the message about the capture of several local men who were being held at the Monterey Inn. Buhrman mounted his horse and went to find help.

Buhrman found the advance of the Union cavalry near and reported what he had learned directly to General Kilpatrick and General George A. Custer.

As Buhrman rode with General Kilpatrick, they came across Hetty Zielinger, who told him that the confederates had placed a cannon commanding the mountain summit from the east.

It was about sunset when the Union cavalry was at the base of the mountain. As weather conditions worsened, Kilpatrick's Cavalry ascended the mountain. Kilpatrick noted that to his right was a rugged mountain peak, to his left was a steep ravine, and too
his front was a road too narrow to deploy his artillery.
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, May 15th, 2017 at 9:01am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 289758 N 4402384
Decimal Degrees39.74545000, -77.45378333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 44.727', W 77° 27.227'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 44' 43.62" N, 77° 27' 13.62" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)717
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1340 Old Waynesboro Rd, Fairfield PA 17320, US
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